Optica Lens

Plano-Convex Lenses

Product introductionPlano-convex lenses are ideal for converging parallel light rays to a single point, and these lenses can be used for a variety of applications. They have positive focal lengths and

Plano-convex lenses are optical lenses with one flat (plano) surface and one convex surface. This design provides a balance between functionality and simplicity, making them versatile components in various optical systems.

Key Features of Plano-Convex Lenses:
1.Mixed Curvature Profile:
 With one flat side and one curved side, plano-convex lenses combine the focusing power of a convex surface with the ease of alignment offered by a flat surface.
2.Positive Focal Length:
 Unlike plano-concave lenses, plano-convex lenses generally have a positive focal length, meaning they can converge parallel incident light rays to a point, forming a real image on the opposite side of the lens.
3.Image Formation:
 Depending on the position of the object relative to the lens, plano-convex lenses can form real, inverted images (when the object is beyond the focal point), virtual, upright images (when the object is between the lens and the focal point), or act as magnifiers.
4.Magnification and Focusing:
 They can both magnify and focus light, making them useful in applications where detailed image formation or tight focusing is required.
5.Reduced Spherical Aberration:
 The asymmetry introduced by having one flat surface can minimize spherical aberration, especially when the lens is used with the convex side facing the incident light. This is because the radius of curvature of a single surface can be optimized to balance refraction effects.

Applications of Plano-Convex Lenses:
1.Imaging and Photography:
 In cameras, telescopes, and microscope objectives, plano-convex lenses are used to focus light and form clear images.
2.Laser Focusing:
 They are used to focus laser beams to a small spot size, essential for applications like laser cutting, engraving, and medical procedures.
3.Optical Data Storage:
 In CD/DVD readers and writers, plano-convex lenses focus the laser onto the disc's surface for reading or writing data.
4.Instrumentation:
 They are found in various scientific instruments and sensors where precise focusing or light manipulation is necessary.
5.Simple Magnifiers:
 Due to their ability to magnify, plano-convex lenses are used in basic magnifying glasses and as reading aids.


Factors Affecting Function:
- Radius of Curvature:
 The curvature of the convex surface greatly influences the focusing power and the focal length of the lens.
- Material and Refractive Index:
 Different materials with varying refractive indices will affect the lens's light-bending properties and its performance in different spectral ranges.
- Thickness and Diameter:
 The thickness of the lens can impact its ability to handle different wavelengths without introducing distortions, and the diameter affects the amount of light that can be gathered.

camera filter 

Plano-convex lenses

Material

K 9 optical glass
UV quartz fluorine

Focal length(f')

±2%@587.6nm

Dimensional tolerances

-0.02~0.1mm

Center thickness tolerance

±0.02~0.1mm

Centering(arcmin)

30"~3'

Power

1~5

Irregularity

0.2~0.5

Surface quality

60-4040-20

Clear aperture

>90%

Coating

AR coating

Conventional model

Diameter

Focal length

Back focal length

Center thickness

Edge thickness

Radius of curvature

6.0mm

10.0mm

8.4mm

2.5mm

1.5mm

5.2mm

6.0mm

15.0mm

13.6mm

2.1mm

1.5mm

7.7mm

9.0mm

20.0mm

18.3mm

2.5mm

1.5mm

10.3mm

12.7mm

15.0mm

11.6mm

5.1mm

1.8mm

7.7mm

12.7mm

30.0mm

27.9mm

3.2mm

1.8mm

15.5mm

12.7mm

50.0mm

48.3mm

2.6mm

1.8mm

25.8mm

12.7mm

100.0mm

98.6mm

2.2mm

1.8mm

51.5mm

18.0mm

25.0mm

21.39mm

5.5mm

1.8mm

12.9mm

25.0mm

25.4mm

17.7mm

11.7mm

2.5mm

13.1mm

25.0mm

75.0mm

72.3mm

4.1mm

2.02mm

38.6mm



Product parameters

Plano-convex lenses

Material

K 9 optical glass
UV quartz fluorine

Focal length(f')

±2%@587.6nm

Dimensional tolerances

-0.02~0.1mm

Center thickness tolerance

±0.02~0.1mm

Centering(arcmin)

30"~3'

Power

1~5

Irregularity

0.2~0.5

Surface quality

60-4040-20

Clear aperture

>90%

Coating

AR coating

 

camera filter

Conventional model

Diameter

Focal length

Back focal length

Center thickness

Edge thickness

Radius of curvature

6.0mm

10.0mm

8.4mm

2.5mm

1.5mm

5.2mm

6.0mm

15.0mm

13.6mm

2.1mm

1.5mm

7.7mm

9.0mm

20.0mm

18.3mm

2.5mm

1.5mm

10.3mm

12.7mm

15.0mm

11.6mm

5.1mm

1.8mm

7.7mm

12.7mm

30.0mm

27.9mm

3.2mm

1.8mm

15.5mm

12.7mm

50.0mm

48.3mm

2.6mm

1.8mm

25.8mm

12.7mm

100.0mm

98.6mm

2.2mm

1.8mm

51.5mm

18.0mm

25.0mm

21.39mm

5.5mm

1.8mm

12.9mm

25.0mm

25.4mm

17.7mm

11.7mm

2.5mm

13.1mm

25.0mm

75.0mm

72.3mm

4.1mm

2.02mm

38.6mm

 

 

 

 

 




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