Optica Lens

Biconcave Lenses

Product IntroductionBiconcave lenses are similar to plano-concave lenses in that they have a negative focal length, but light rays traveling in planarly are diverted outward. The radii of curvature of

Biconcave lens is a type of lens with two concave surfaces, meaning both sides curve inward like the interior of a sphere. These lenses are part of the family of spherical lenses and are primarily used to diverge (spread out) light rays that pass through them. They are thinner at the center and thicker at the edges. Biconcave lenses are identified by their unique shape and the way they bend light, which is opposite to that of a biconvex lens, which converges light.

Key Features of Biconcave Lenses:
1.Concave Surfaces:
 Both surfaces of the lens curve inward, creating a 'U'-like shape when viewed from the side.
2.Negative Focal Length:
 Biconcave lenses have a negative focal length because they cause parallel incident light rays to diverge after passing through the lens. If the rays are diverging, the focus is considered to be behind the lens, virtually.
3.Virtual Image Formation:
 When an object is placed in front of a biconcave lens, the image formed is virtual, located between the lens and the object, and is always upright regardless of the position of the object.
4.Magnification:
 Biconcave lenses produce images that are smaller than the object, resulting in a magnification factor less than 1.
5.Correction of Vision:
 In optics for vision correction, biconcave lenses are prescribed for individuals with myopia (nearsightedness), as they help to extend the focus of incoming light rays onto the retina.

Applications of Biconcave Lenses:
1.Corrective Eyewear:
 As mentioned, they correct nearsightedness by pushing the focus of incoming light back onto the retina, allowing distant objects to be clearly seen.
2.Microscopy:
 In compound microscopes, a biconcave lens may be part of the eyepiece system to help diverge light coming from the objective lenses, which enhances the viewing experience.
3.Telescopes:
 In some telescope designs, biconcave lenses are used in combination with convex lenses to expand the field of view or correct for certain types of aberrations.
4.Optical Experimentation and Education:
 Frequently used in educational settings to demonstrate the principles of optics, including the behavior of light passing through lenses and the formation of images.
5.Laser Systems:
 In certain laser applications, biconcave lenses can be used to expand the laser beam, which is beneficial for applications requiring a wider beam profile or to reduce the intensity of the focused spot.

Properties Influencing Function:
- Lens Material:
 The refractive index of the material determines how much light is bent as it passes through the lens.
- Curvature of the Surfaces:
 The curvature (radius of curvature) of the surfaces affects the degree of divergence and the position of the virtual focus.
- Thickness:
 Although biconcave lenses are characterized by their thin central section, the exact thickness can influence the optical properties and the precision of the lens's function.

camera filter


Biconcave Lenses

Material

K9optical glassUV quartzfluorine

Focal length(f)

±2%@587.6nm

Dimensional tolerances

-0.05~0.1mm

Center thickness tolerance

±0.03~0.1mm

Centering(arcmin)

30"~3'

Power(W)

1~5

Irregularity

0.2~0.5

Surface quality

60-40 40-20

Clear aperture

>90%

Coating

AR coating

Conventional Models

Diameter

Focal length

Back focal Length

Center thickness

Edge thickness

Radius of curvature

6.0mm

-6.0mm

-6.1mm

1.5mm

2.5mm

-9.7mm

9.0mm

-9.0mm

-9.5mm

2.0mm

3.4mm

-14.7mm

12.7mm

-15.0mm

-15.8mm

3.0mm

4.7mm

-24.0mm

12.7mm

-50.0mm

-51.1mm

3.5mm

4.3mm

-52.1mm

25.4mm

-25.0mm

-25.8mm

3.0mm

7.2mm

-3.6mm

25.4mm

-50.0mm

-51.0mm

3.0mm

6.1mm

-52.0mm

25.4mm

-75.0mm

-76.1mm

3.5mm

5.6mm

-77.9mm

50.0mm

-100.0mm

-101.6mm

5.0mm

11.3mm

-104.55mm

50.0mm

-125.0mm

-126.6mm

5.0mm

9.95mm

-130.48mm

75.0mm

-150.0mm

-151.8mm

5.0mm

14.42mm

-156.57mm


Product Parameters

Biconcave Lenses

Material

K9,optical glass,UV quartz,fluorine

Focal length(f)

±2%@587.6nm

Dimensional tolerances

-0.05~0.1mm

Center thickness tolerance

±0.03~0.1mm

Centering(arcmin)

30"~3'

Power(W)

1~5

Irregularity

0.2~0.5

Surface quality

60-40 40-20

Clear aperture

>90%

Coating

AR coating

 camera filter

Conventional Models

Diameter

Focal length

Back focal Length

Center thickness

Edge thickness

Radius of curvature

6.0mm

-6.0mm

-6.1mm

1.5mm

2.5mm

-9.7mm

9.0mm

-9.0mm

-9.5mm

2.0mm

3.4mm

-14.7mm

12.7mm

-15.0mm

-15.8mm

3.0mm

4.7mm

-24.0mm

12.7mm

-50.0mm

-51.1mm

3.5mm

4.3mm

-52.1mm

25.4mm

-25.0mm

-25.8mm

3.0mm

7.2mm

-3.6mm

25.4mm

-50.0mm

-51.0mm

3.0mm

6.1mm

-52.0mm

25.4mm

-75.0mm

-76.1mm

3.5mm

5.6mm

-77.9mm

50.0mm

-100.0mm

-101.6mm

5.0mm

11.3mm

-104.55mm

50.0mm

-125.0mm

-126.6mm

5.0mm

9.95mm

-130.48mm

75.0mm

-150.0mm

-151.8mm

5.0mm

14.42mm

-156.57mm

 




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